What Are Allergies?
It’s probably not something that you think about, but every time you open your
mouth or inhale, tiny particles from the environment that are floating in the air can
get into your nose and lungs. The immune system reacts to bad particles to protect
the body against things that are harmful, such as bacteria and viruses that can lead
to colds. But it can also react to harmless particle allergens that it thinks are a threat
and attack them, causing the symptoms of allergies.
This is called an allergic reaction and causes allergy symptoms such as a stuffy or
runny nose (rhinitis), sneezing, and itchy, watery eyes. These symptoms can be
caused by outdoor or indoor allergens.
If you or a family member suffer from allergy symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes,
you’re not alone. As many as 50 million people in the United States are affected by an
allergy. Allergies can affect you or your family in many ways that may keep you from
being able to do the things you enjoy.
Different Symptoms Compared Below
WHAT IS ALLERGY IMMUNOTHERAPY (AIT)?
The basic approach to controlling an allergy sounds easy—just avoid the allergens that
cause your allergic symptoms. However, avoiding these things is not always possible.
This is when AIT can help by working with the body’s natural defense system. AIT slowly
trains the immune system to be less sensitive to allergens, so that it doesn’t respond too
strongly to them. This is done by introducing tiny amounts of the allergen to the body
over time, slowly getting the immune system used to the allergen.
Then, when the body is exposed to the allergen during normal day-to-day activity, the
immune system doesn’t try to attack it. This can mean you or your family member may
have fewer allergy symptoms.
AIT HAS BEEN USED FOR OVER 100 YEARS.
In 1911, 2 scientists, recognizing that pollen was the
cause of hay fever, thought that they could help reduce
or eliminate symptoms by injecting hay fever patients
with the pollen to which they were allergic.
THEIR EXPERIMENT WORKED.
FORMS OF AIT
There are 2 common types of AIT: allergy shots or sublingual (under the tongue) tablets.
We Diagnose Your Allergies via a Finger Stick.
Small doses of a specific allergen
are given as drops under the tongue
Injections of allergens are given
in an increasing dose over time
IS AIT RIGHT FOR ME?
Keep in mind that AIT may not be right for everyone. While extremely rare, AIT can cause increased
allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and hives. The administration of AIT has been
associated with severe, life-threatening systemic reactions, including anaphylaxis and death.
These symptoms require immediate medical attention. If you have asthma, it should be well controlled
before AIT since you may be more likely to have serious side effects. If AIT is right
for you or your family member, you and your doctor will design a treatment plan together.
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Serious reactions may also include:
- trouble breathing
- throat tightness or swelling
- trouble swallowing or speaking
- dizziness or fainting
- rapid or weak heartbeat
- severe stomach cramps
- severe flushing or itching of the skin
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The services provided have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. The material on this website is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. Always consult your physician before beginning any treatment program.